U.S.-backed Iraqi troops pushed into the last Islamic State stronghold in Mosul on Sunday, an Iraqi commander said, formally launching the final major battle of an eight-month campaign to drive the militants from Iraq’s second largest city.
The IS group captured Mosul when it swept across northern and central Iraq in the summer of 2014. Iraq launched a massive operation to retake the city last October, and has driven the militants from all but a handful of neighborhoods.
The extremists are expected to make their last stand in the Old City, a densely populated quarter with narrow, winding alleys.
Lt. Gen. Abdul-Amir Rasheed Yar Allah, who commands army operations in Ninevah province, said Iraqi special forces, the regular army and Federal Police are taking part in the operation to retake the Old City, which began Sunday at dawn.
Iraq state TV aired live footage showing thick black smoke rising from the Old City, with the sound of gunfire rattling inside. It said leaflets were distributed urging civilians to leave through five “safe corridors.”
Gen. Abdel Ghani al-Asadi, the head of Iraq’s Special Forces, was reported to have told state TV he expects the extremists to put up a
vicious and tough fight.'' Al-Asadi said the troopswill be very careful” to protect the civilians in the densely populated area.
The International Rescue Committee called on Iraqi forces and the U.S.-led coalition to “do everything in their power to keep civilians safe during these final stages of the battle for Mosul.”
“With its narrow and winding streets, Iraqi forces will be even more reliant on airstrikes despite the difficulty in identifying civilians sheltering in buildings and the increased risk of civilians being used as human shields by ISIS fighters,” said Nora Love, the aid group’s acting country director, using another acronym for IS.
Love warned that the assault could lead to even more civilian deaths than the hundreds killed so far in airstrikes across the rest of the city, as “the buildings of the old town are particularly vulnerable to collapse even if they aren’t directly targeted.”