As a means to reduce the high demand for petroleum in the country, a professor at the Osun State University, Osogbo, Professor Oguntola Jelil Alamu has urged the federal government to fully implement the biofuel policy.
Alamu, who is a professor of Renewable Energy (Mechanical Engineering), said full implementation of the policy would prevent total dependence on refined petroleum products.
He said this while delivering the 10th inaugural lecture of the university with the
theme, ‘Sourcing renewable fuel for diesel engines’.
The university don also recommended that government should encourage aggressive use of domestic, renewable energy option.
This, he said, would also reduce the impact of the importation of fuel on the economy.
Additionally, Prof. Alamu who was former Vice-Chancellor of the university, suggested that the federal government should engage in massive oil crops plantation.
He explained that such massive crop production should be dedicated primarily for the production of biofuel.
He emphasised the need to embrace the renewable energy-options such as Palm Kernel Oil (PKO) as alternative to refined petroleum product so
as to reduce the nation’s reliance on single-commodity economy and further strengthen the nation’s energy security.
He added that biodiesel is quickly becoming one of the fastest growing alternative fuels in the world and that this is with environmental
benefits including lower emissions, unlike petroleum that has high
Alamu said in sourcing for the renewable fuel for diesel engine, he collaborated with other researcher and processed PKO biodiesel as
alternative to petrol.
He said, “Biodiesel from coconut oil and a few
non-edible oil crops such as castor oil was also processed, optimised and characterised as diesel fue.
“Fuel properties of the biodiesel produced were tested following the ASTM standards while engine performance test was conducted on diesel
engine to obtain results for torque and power at various engine speeds. Generally, results obtained were found to be in good agreement and within limits set by a number of International Standards for
“The results will, no doubt, contribute to baseline data needed for future replacement of conventional diesel with renewable biodiesel to power diesel engine.”
Alamu emphasised the need for the Nigeria biofuel policy to be implemented with total commitment saying that the nation should produce renewable feedstock such as vegetable oils and fats to keep
the cost of biodiesel competitive with petroleum.
“Globally, there is the dire need for massive oil crops plantation dedicated primarily for biofuel use. Nigeria can decrease its dependence on refined petroleum product imports by an aggressive use
of domestic, renewable energy options.
“The Nigeria biofuel policy should also be implemented with total commitment. This will not only reduce reliance on single-commodity
economy as well as abate importation of refined petroleum products in Nigeria, but it will also strengthen the nation’s energy security.
“Alternative renewable fuel, found in vegetable oils is characterised by high viscosities thus limiting their applications as fuel. However, the use of trans esterified vegetable oils as fuel has been yielding successful results besides being a domestic, renewable resource that provides environmental benefits with lower emissions”.
“Due to its clean emissions profile, ease of use, and many other benefits, biodiesel is quickly becoming one of the fastest growing alternative fuels in the world. With minimal subsidy, biodiesel is cost competitive with petroleum diesel, and millions of users have found and enjoyed the benefits of the fuel”.
“The future of biodiesel lies in the world’s ability to produce renewable feedstock such as vegetable oils and fats to keep the cost of biodiesel competitive with petroleum, without supplanting land necessary for food production or destroying natural ecosystems in the process”.
“Creating biodiesel in a sustainable manner will allow this clean, renewable, and cost effective fuel to help ease the increasing shortages of petroleum, while providing economic and environmental
benefits well into the 21st century,” Alamu said.