By Jerome-Mario Utomi
Power, properly understood, is nothing but the ability to achieve purpose.
It is the strength required to bring about social, economic, political, cultural and religious changes.
What is needed is a realisation that power without love is reckless and abusive, and love without power is sentimental and anemic.
Power at its best is love implementing the demand of justice, and justice at its best is power correcting everything that stands against love.
From these words of Martin Luther King Jr, it may not be wrong to conclude that there is nothing wrong with power when used constructively and not destructively.
For a man to function well in any given position of authority, he must identify that power is not a complete end but looks up to something further.
It cannot itself be the ultimate goal. Power is valuable according to the use to which it may be put.
And most importantly, power, in the estimation of the Marxists, is but the ability to protect one’s interest.
With this fact highlighted, let’s focus on specific examples. Chief among such examples of destructive exercise of power includes Pol Pot.
It was in the news that while in power in Cambodia between 1975 and 1978, he used his position to cause the death of more than two million people in Cambodia – a small country in Southeast Asia bordered by Vietnam and Thailand. This is a verifiable fact.
The story is not different here in Africa. The late Robert Mugabe in his quest to hold on to power, massacred over 20,000 of his people and not animals; destroyed the nation’s economy and watched with disinterest while his wife looted millions of dollars.
Fresh in our memories are the Liberia episode in early 1990s, Gnassingbe Eyadema of Togo and Mobutu Sese Seko of Zaire.
Specifically in Africa, there are more accounts of gradual and silent encroachment/abuse of power by those in positions of authority, than by violent and sudden usurpations.
Talking about constructive use of power, the thought of Lee Kuan Yew, the Prime Minister of Singapore (as he then was), naturally comes to mind.
It is recorded that Lee grew 15 times independent Singapore with a GDP of $3billion in 1965 to $46billion in 1997, and its economy became the eighth highest per capita GNP in the world in 1997, according to a World Bank ranking.
We have a similar account in Nigeria. Shortly after independence, Chief Obafemi Awolowo, then Premier of the Western Region constructively used his position to better the chances of the people of his region – socioeconomically.
Through quality and affordable education, he set the region on a hyper-modern pathway.
The Northern Region under the late Ahmadu Bello and the Eastern Region led by the late Chief Michael Okpara were not left behind in this race for infrastructural and socioeconomic developments of their regions.
Among other infrastructural feats achieved within this space, Awolowo, to his credit, built Ikeja industrial estate, while Ahmadu Bello and Michael Okpara, had Kano and Aba industrial estates, respectively to their credits.
This feat or a combination of other peoplepurposed achievements without doubt, explains why over four decades after their reign, they are still remembered and used in virtually all the primary schools (both public and private), as examples of great leaders Indeed, they defined power in the image of their actions.
At the moment, such narrative has changed to the extent that in a period when policy makers across the globe are actively integrating frameworks that both protect the rights and opportunities of their citizens, the Federal Government has been reeling off inconsiderate policies/decisions that promote poverty and starvation.
Consequently, more people are joining the ranks of beggars such that their desperate struggle for bread renders them insensible to all feelings of decency and self-respect.
Let’s refresh our minds on these sad policies. From an increase of Value Added Tax, VAT, from five to 7.5 per cent, to reintroduction of Stamp Duty Charge, all in the bid to boost internally generated revenue in the midst of dwindling foreign earning from crude oil.
This year also witnessed the introduction of stamp duty on house rents and C of O transactions.
As if these were not enough punishment for the masses, the Federal Government against all known logic and within a space of two weeks announced a hike in the price of petrol and the cost of electricity.
These flawed decisions and errors of judgement, in my opinion authenticate the position canvassed by Finkelstein, a Steven Roth Professor of management at the Tuck School of Business, United States of America, that leaders make bad decision because of inappropriate self-interest, distorting attachments and the presence of misleading memories.
If not presence of misleading memories, why has the All Progressives Congress, APC-led Federal Government suddenly failed to remember that it was a similar decision (deregulation/increase in pump price of petrol) that they condemned in 2011 during the Goodluck Ebele Jonathan administration?
If not inappropriate self-interest, why is it always comfortable for the present administration to scream market forces or forces of demand and supply when it comes to effecting hikes in the prices of essentials goods and services, like fuel and electricity that are beneficial to the common man on the street?
And if not distorting attachments, why increment in pump price of fuel at a time crude oil prices are nosediving in the global market and electricity tariff in a season when majority of Nigerians are without meters?